Descendants of Alexander McKay
Courtesy of www.museum.bmi.net
Our goal is to research the pioneers that came into the Walla Walla Valley Area, as a starter for those doing their family genealogy; we are not related.
Head Researcher: Sarah Olsen,Researcher: Linda Kracke
March 26, 2009
Generation No. 1
1. ALEXANDER1 MCKAY was born Abt. 1771 in Glengarry County, Upper Canada (Ontario), and died 15 Jun 1811 in Tonquin Massacre, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. He married MARGUERITE WADIN Abt. 1796. She was born Abt. 1775 in St Lawrence, Montreal Area, Quebec, Canada, and died 28 Feb 1860 in Oregon City, Clackamas, Oregon.
Notes for ALEXANDER MCKAY:
Doctor John McLaughlin, who was in charge of Fort Vancouver in 1832 and for many years afterwards conducted the whole of the Hudson Bay Companyís business of the Columbia District, as it was then called, has since become a kind of celebrity in Oregon, and merits some description both of person and character as he appeared to me at that period, 1832. The Doctor indeed in personal appearance was a man once seen no easily forgotten; he was over six feet, well and powerfully built, with a commanding countenance and, generally, long flowing grey hair, which greatly added to his striking appearance, which even the Indians noted by calling the white-headed eagle ‚ old man Doctor. Doctor McLaughlin was born in Canada, of Scottish ancestry, in what year I am not aware, but his Grandfather immigrated to Canada. The Doctor although a true Canadian used to tell anecdotes of old Scotland probably furnished by his grandfather; one I can remember of a certain Highland chief, who was in the habit of carrying a yellow cane and of drumming the unwilling of his clan to church with it, so that it came to be called the religion of the yellow stick. I suspect the Doctor kept this story in good remembrance by the way in which he made the men attend divine service at Vancouver. Dr. McLaughlin was a man of strongly marked characteristics and, like many generous tempered men was somewhat passionate, but as said of a celebrated man, Fletcher of Satton, the passion was no sooner on that it was off, and the doctor always regretted any thing of that kind and endeavored to make up for it by kindness to those whom he might have offended. He assisted very materially the early immigrants to Oregon, as will be vouched for by many of the oldest American settlers. Dr. McLaughlin, take him all in all, was an excellent man, and his memory by those who knew him will long be respected. His likeness was painted in a very life like manner by an American artist, Mr. Stanley, and is, I believe, still in his possession.
Among other clerks in the Companyís service at Vancouver in those times was rather a curious compound, Thomas McKay, or Tom, as he was generally called, a half breed son of that Mr. Alexander McKay, who came out in the Tonquin to Astoria and from thence sailed to Puget Sound and was cut off by the Indians, as described in Mr. Washington Irvingís Astoria. Tom had remained at Astoria, and so escaped his fatherís fate. He was an original in his way and amused us young fellows greatly by the tales of his wonderful escapes and feats among the Blackfeet Indians into whose country he had led many a trapping party. Tom with a rifle was a dead shot, but in telling a story he often drew a long bow and almost invariably introduced one with ìit rained, it rained, and it blew, it blew,î and frequently in his excitement would throw in by way of climax to his tale, regardless of all consistency, ìand my G-d, how it did snow.î I regret now that I kept no note of Tomís tales, which I can recollect were very amusing and lost nothing in his way of telling them. He was very young when out in the Tonquin, but I can well recollect his details of the passage and loss of life on the Columbia bar. He was a very good and amusing personage. Peace to his ashes.
Notes for MARGUERITE WADIN:
Francis marries Catherine Sinclair, daughter of William Sinclair and Marie Wadin McKay, on 10 August at Fort George, Columbia District, Oregon. Frances was born about 1824 and baptised three years later on July 9, 1827. Her father was at the time a clerk at Rainy Lake. He had entered the HBC in 1810 as an aprentice. Edward had known him while at Island Lake. Sinclair was the eldest son of a Cree woman and a high-ranking HBC officer. Mary McKay was the daughter of Marguerite Wadin McKay, later the wife of Dr. John cLoughlin. Her uncle on her mother's side was Thomas McKay, early trapper of the HBC and Oregon pioneer. Her aunt Betsy Sinclair bore a child of Sir George Simpson, and later married Robert Miles, HBC accountant. Her uncle, James Sinclair, was a free trader and merchant at Red River. He led the 1841 contingent of Red River families destined for settlement on the Nisqually Plains across the Rocky Mountains). Catherine died on 11 Nov 1876 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada and was buried in Nov 1876 in St.John's Cem., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
McLoughlin's appearance, 6'4" (193 cm) tall with long, prematurely white hair, brought him respect, but he was also generally known for his fair treatment of the people with whom he dealt, whether they were British subjects, U.S. citizens, or Native Americans. At the time, the wives of many Hudson's Bay field employees were Native Americans, including McLoughlin's wife Marguerite. She was the daughter of a Native American woman and a trader named Jean-Eitenne Waddens and the widow of Alexander McKay, a trader killed in the Tonquin massacre. See Jonathan Thorn. Her son Thomas McKay became McLoughlin's stepson. Alexander MacKay, (c. ... For the region in Southeast Asia see: Tonkin The Tonquin was an American merchant ship involved with the fur trade of the early 19th Century. ... Jonathan Thorn (8 January 1779 – 15 June 1811) was an officer of the United States Navy in the 1800s. ...
More About ALEXANDER MCKAY and MARGUERITE WADIN:
Marriage: Abt. 1796
Children of ALEXANDER MCKAY and MARGUERITE WADIN are:
Generation No. 2
2. THOMAS2 MCKAY (ALEXANDER1) was born Abt. 1796 in Indian Country, Oregon Territory, and died Aft. 1850 in Scappoose Plains, Oregon Territory. He married (1) TIMMEE T'IKUL TCHINOUK Bef. 1824 in Oregon Territory. She was born Abt. 1800 in Indian Settlement, Oregon Territory. He married (2) SHE-WHO-RIDES-LIKE THE WIND UMATILLA Abt. 1834. She was born Abt. 1820 in Northeastern, Oregon. He married (3) ISABELLE MONTOUR 31 Dec 1838. She was born Abt. 1818 in Oregon Territory.
Notes for THOMAS MCKAY:
Pioneer days of Oregon history Page 453
Thomas McKay arrived on the Tonquin, had a farm at Scappoose, wife a native Chinook woman; was father of Alexander, John, William, and Donald, all well known later.
More About THOMAS MCKAY:
Census: 1850, OR Marion Pg 101
More About THOMAS MCKAY and TIMMEE TCHINOUK:
Marriage: Bef. 1824, Oregon Territory
More About THOMAS MCKAY and SHE-WHO-RIDES-LIKE UMATILLA:
Marriage: Abt. 1834
Notes for ISABELLE MONTOUR:
1850 United States Federal Census > Oregon Territory > Marion > Not Stated
Nichols Montour 69 M Unknown
George Montour 35 M O.T.
Robert Montour 25 M O.T.
Next Page Line 1
Toussaint Montour 23 M O.T.
Margerite Montour 15 F O.T.
Isabelle McKay 32 F O.T.
Thomas McKay 9 M O.T.
Catherine McKay 7 F O.T.
George McKay 1 M O.T.
William McKay 9 M O.T.
Julia Montour 5 F O.T.
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: , Marion, Oregon Territory; Roll: M432_742; Page: 101; Image: 191.
1860 United States Federal Census > Oregon > Douglas > Canyonville
Evon Berror 53 M Farmer 300/280 France
Isabel Berror 41 F France
Sam 3 Berror M OR
George McKay 11 M OR
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Canyonville, Douglas, Oregon; Roll: M653_1055; Page: 114; Image: 231.
More About ISABELLE MONTOUR:
Census 1: 1850, OR Marion Pg 101
Census 2: 1860, OR Douglas Canyonville Pg 114
More About THOMAS MCKAY and ISABELLE MONTOUR:
Marriage: 31 Dec 1838
Children of THOMAS MCKAY and TIMMEE TCHINOUK are:
Child of THOMAS MCKAY and SHE-WHO-RIDES-LIKE UMATILLA is:
Children of THOMAS MCKAY and ISABELLE MONTOUR are:
3. MARIE WADIN2 MCKAY (ALEXANDER1) was born Abt. 1804 in Norway House, Ruperts Land. She married (1) DONALD MACKENZIE Bef. 1821. She married (2) WILLIAM JR SINCLAIR 21 Jun 1823 in Norway House, Manitoba. He was born Abt. 1794 in Brockville, Grenville, Ontario, Canada, and died 12 Oct 1868.
More About DONALD MACKENZIE and MARIE MCKAY:
Marriage: Bef. 1821
Notes for WILLIAM JR SINCLAIR:
William Sinclair the Elder and William Sinclair the Younger
The oldest son, William [the Younger], was now twenty-four and doing well in the company's service at a post near Lesser Slave Lake. Between William and the infant Colin ranked the other nine children of the Sinclair family - most of them girls. To all of these children William Sinclair, the elder, left bequests in his peculiarly involved will, except to one, his daughter Elizabeth, known familiarly in the records as "Betsy" Sinclair.
He ordered that "all my papers of every description be immediately destroyed ... all that is not relative to monies." ... The freehold property in the Orkneys that Sinclair had inherited on his native island of Pomona [Mainland], and which endowed him with a kind of lesser nobility, he bequeathed to his brother, Thomas, with the instructions that he should care for his two unmarried sisters [Ann and Mary] for the remainder of their lives.
[Further information on this will was found in "A Londoner in Rupert's Land" by Denis Bayley, pg. 36.]
In the first few days of 1818, a weary traveller arrived at York at the end of a long journey. He was seriously ill. It was William Sinclair, Thomas Bunn's great friend and father-in-law. [Wm.] Sinclair executed his Will on 5 January, James Swain, Thomas Bunn and William C. Woodthorp being witnesses. He died on 20 April, and was buried in the graveyard at Schooner Creek. Delay was inevitable before the lawyers in London could prove the Will, which was eventually effected in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 27 November 1819. By its provisions, Phoebe Bunn [nee Sinclair] received a legacy of £50 from her father; and a codicil, dated 1 April 1818, added 'To my beloved friend Mr. Thomas Bunn, I leave the Sum of Eight Guineas to purchase a ring which he will keep in remembrance of me', and it desired that all his crockery ware be divided equally between Thomas Bunn [married to his daughter Phoebe], James Kirkness [married to his daughter Jane] and Joseph Cook [married to his daughter Catherine], and 'All my private papers of every description to be put into the hands of Messrs. Cook and Bunn, and they will immediately destroy all that is not relative to monies'.
More About WILLIAM SINCLAIR and MARIE MCKAY:
Marriage: 21 Jun 1823, Norway House, Manitoba
Children of MARIE MCKAY and DONALD MACKENZIE are:
Children of MARIE MCKAY and WILLIAM SINCLAIR are:
Generation No. 3
4. WILLIAM CAMERON3 MCKAY (THOMAS2, ALEXANDER1) was born 18 Mar 1824 in Fort George, Oregon, and died 05 Jul 1895 in Weston, Umatilla, OR. He married MARGARET CAMPBELL 03 Oct 1856 in Wasco, Oregon1, daughter of COLIN CAMPBELL and ELIZABETH MCGILLIVRAY. She was born 08 Jan 1833 in Red River Settlement, Canada.
Notes for WILLIAM CAMERON MCKAY:
Early History of Umatilla County, Oregon
The first settlement of any kind in Umatilla county was the Catholic Mission, established on the Umatilla above Pendleton, by Bishop A. M. A. Blanchet, Father J. B. A. Brouillet and Mr. Leclaire, November 27, 1847, two days before the Whitman massacre. This was the actual founding, but for several months previous they had been living at Fort Walla Walla, and negotiating with the Cayuses for land upon which to build the mission. After the horrible massacre at Wailatpu, they were unable to do any missionary work; and January 2, 1848, Bishop Blanchet left for Vancouver with Peter S. Ogden and the rescued prisoners. Father Brouillet and Mr. Leclaire remained at Umitilla, in accordance with a promise made to the Cayuses to stay with them as long as they and the Americans did not go to war. On the nineteenth of February 1848, the Cayuses went out to fight Oregon volunteers, and the next day Father Brouillet and his companion went to Fort Walla Walla, and about three weeks later to Willamette Valley. The Indians being displeased, burned their house and destroyed the property left behind them. This ended the first settlement in Umatilla County.
The first actual American settler was Dr. William C. McKay, son of the celebrated Tom McKay, and grandson of Alexander McKay who came to Oregon in 1811 as a partner of John Jacob Astor, and perished soon after in the massacre of the Tonquin's crew at Vancouver Island. Dr. McKay was born and reared in Oregon, and it was his familiarity with, and confidence in this region that led him to make a settlement. After this difficulty with the Cayuse tribe had been adjusted a few Americans, and Hudson's Bay Company French, came to this section to locate. The majority of them selected choice spots on the Walla Walla, Touchet, Tukannon, and Mill Creek, while Dr. McKay located on the Umatilla River at the mouth of Houtama, or McKay creek. This was in the fall of 1851. The French settlers were chiefly in the Walla Walla valley, and not more than one or two, if any, were within the limits of Umatilla County. The great respect and regard entertained by the Cayuses for Tom McKay had, in a great measure, been conferred upon his son, and Dr. McKay was welcomed by them and received favors that would have been denied other Americans. He was looked upon as a Hudson's Bay Co. man, though he was born in Oregon, educated in New York, and had always identified himself with the Americans. This fact saved his life and that of several others a few years later. In 1851 an Indian agency was established on Umatilla, opposite the present town of Echo, by Dr. Anson Dart, Superindent of Indian affairs for Oregon. E. Wampole was installed as agent, and was succeeded the next year by Thomas K. Williams, and he by R. R. Thompson. The last named gentleman resided at the Dalles, and placed Green Arnold as his deputy at the agency. This station was known as Utilla, and in August 1851, a post office by that name was established there, being on the route between, Dalles and Salt Lake. A. F. Rogger was appointed postmaster. These were the only settlements in 1855 when the Indian war drove all Americans from the country east of the Cascades.
In common with scores of others, Dr. McKay visited the Colville mines in the summer of 1855. His property was left in charge of Jones E. Whitney, who had came with his wife in the emigration of 1854 and had lived with the Doctor for a year as his partner. In the fall he started on his return from Colville, accompanied by Victor Trevitt, now living at the Dalles, and two Hudson's Bay French. They were several times stopped by Indians, but Dr. McKay represented Trevitt as a clerk of the Hudson's Bay Co., and they were not interfered with. When they reached the settlement of Brooke, Bumford and Noble, at Wailatpu, it was deserted, and while wondering at it, Howlish Wampo head chief of the Cayuses, rode up and informed them that the Americans had all gone to the Dalles, but that some people were up the river. They proceeded up the river where they found a number of French settlers, among whom were Mr. Pambrun, Mr. McBean and a Catholic priest. Next morning the chief sent his brother with McKay and Trevitt as an escort, the two Frenchmen remaining at the camp. The Dr. found his place deserted by Whitney and his wife, the house door broken in, his property destroyed and his cattle gone. They remained there two days and had a big talk with the Cayuses, who were very sore about the sale of their land. They did not go to war as a tribe, but many of the young warriors joined the hostiles. Umhowlish, Stikas and others advised them to leave at once, as the feeling against Americans was so bad it was unsafe even for McKay to remain. They therefore departed for the Dalles as secretly as possible, passing the deserted agency as they went. McKay's place and the agency were both destroyed, and thus ended the second settlement of Umatilla County.
McKay, W. C., Dr.
The following data is extracted from History of the Pacific Northwest, Oregon and Washington, 1889.
DR. W.C. McKAY. - One by one the pioneers who braved the wilderness and its dangers, in order that their posterity might enjoy the fruits of their hazardous conquests of the domain of the savage are passing away. As the poet sang of the valorous knights of the days of chivalry, "Their souls are with the saints, we trust," so, at no distant day, will the same be sung o'er the graves of the last of the pioneers. So, while yet alive, let us honor them as they deserve to be honored; and when dead let their deeds be recorded with loving remembrance on the pages of history.
Of the old pioneers who still exist, Umatilla county can claim but a few. Prominent among them is Doctor William C. McKay, who, together with his father and his grandfather, figured conspicuously in the eventful early history of the State of Oregon. His father, Thomas McKay, was born in Canada. When he had grown into a lusty lad of some fourteen summers, he, together with his father, Alexander McKay, then a partner of the millionaire, John Jacob Astor, left for Oregon to establish a trading-post. The expedition sailed in the ill-fated ship Tonquin, and arrived at the mouth of the Columbia, the beauty of whose rolling waters and massive cliffs were then known to none but the savage.
In 1812, the year of the second war with Great Britain, a company was formed under the title of the Pacific Fur Company; and a trading-post was established on the present site of Astoria. Soon after its establishment, Alexander McKay went up the coast on a trading voyage, the result of which unfortunate expedition is known to every reader of Oregon's history. His vessel, the Tonquin, was taken by the Indians, the goods confiscated, and every soul on board destroyed. Owing to sickness, the boy Thomas did not accompany his father, and to this is due the presence of Doctor W.C. McKay in Pendleton to-day.
Thomas McKay was then left upon his own resources; but they were sufficient to carry him through and make his name illustrious in the annals of Oregon. Soon after his father's death, the war resulted in the mastery of the British on the Pacific coast. The vessels of the Pacific Fur Company were intercepted and confiscated by British cruisers; and to prevent its capture, the trading post of Astoria was transferred to the North West Company, a Canadian organization. It soon became a prominent trading station of the Hudson's Bay Company, the history of whose subsequent extensive operations is known to all readers. With this powerful organization, young McKay became connected; and his services were found to be very valuable. He was placed in charge of all important expeditions; and his word was law. He was at the same time feared and respected by the Indians; and it was probably due to his influences that the trading operations of the company were carried on so peacefully with the red man, who at that time doubtless little suspected that the pale-faces would in the future become their absolute masters. He was one of those remarkable characters of which pioneer history furnishes the only type, - a crack shot, brave but cautious, resolute and determined in his actions; and he was viewed in the light of a terrible and wonderful being, gifted with almost supernatural powers, by the Indians, over whom he exercised a peculiar controlling influence. His life was an eventful one; but its incidents can be recorded in this sketch only as they concern its subject, his son.
Thomas McKay married first a princess of the Chinook tribe; and to-day Doctor W.C. McKay, their first-born child, is chief and ruler of that nation by hereditary right. As a result of this union, three sons were born, William, John and Alexander. On his second marriage, Fortune favored him with a son and a daughter; and the third time two sons and one daughter were born, making quite a large family altogether. William C. McKay with whom we have to deal, first saw the light of day at the Astoria trading-post on the 18th of March, 1824. His eyes opened on a country whose resources were almost boundless, but were yet unknown even to the few adventurous souls who had invaded the Western wilderness. It was the domain of the savage, whose wants were simply and easily gratified, and whose untutored mind was utterly unconscious of the wealth which lay beneath his feet and all around. Little he knew what he was losing when his empire was yielded inch by inch to the encroachments of the pale-face settlers. To-day what a magical scene meets the view of the Doctor; and it is due to such men as he that all this material wealth has been reclaimed. This land is compelled to yield up its riches unto the white man; and the fertile plains of the Oregon are covered with farmhouses, villages and cities instead of the few rude wigwams of the Indians.
Doctor McKay, during his boyhood days, was given over to the charge of his grandfather, Doctor John McLoughlin, who was governor of the territory occupied by the Hudson's Bay Company, and was stationed at Vancouver. Here it was he first received instruction, his young mind being trained by two Yankee teachers, John Bant of Massachusetts and Solomon H. Smith of New Hampshire, the first school-teachers that ever set foot on the shores of Oregon. They came across the Rockies with Captain Nathaniel Wyeth, the founder of the Pacific Fur and Fishing Company, of Boston, in 1832. Methodist missionaries, who braved every danger of the West in the interest of christianity, were his next educators; and altogether the young pupil had better training than many youths of the civilized present.
When William was fourteen years of age, his father concluded to send him to Scotland to be educated, and particularly to study the art of medicine; and plans were formed for his safe transportation across the continent and the Atlantic Ocean. It was one of the annual expeditions of the Hudson's Bay Company to Canada, placed as usual in the charge of his father, that he started; but, reaching the martyred Doctor Whitman's missionary station at Waiilatpu, the entire plan for the youth's education was changed. Whitman was a man of singularly impressive faculties, and exercised a powerful influence over those with whom he came in contact. He was moreover truly loyal to the United States government, and at length persuaded the father to have his son educated at home. "Tom," said he, "I suppose you know that this country will one day become the property of the Untied States, although a British organization, the Hudson's Bay Company, now has temporary control; but the time is coming when Uncle Sam's mastery will be undisputed. I therefore wish you would send Bill to the college in which I was educated in the Eastern states. Give him an American education, and let American principles and ideas be thoroughly inculcated in his youthful mind." His words had a great effect; but the father replied that his money was all in England, and that he hadn't the means to give his boy a collegiate education in America. "I trade at your post," answered Whitman; "and I draw my money from Boston. I will pay for the young man's education; and in exchange you can furnish me with supplies." The worthy Doctor was so intensely loyal that he did not wish a single useful subject to be lost to the United States; and he carried his point. The matter was forthwith settled; and at Soda Springs, on Bear river, William McKay, with his two brothers, John and Alexander, parted company with their father, and in charge of Missionary Jason lee and party safely made the trip across the plains in the summer of 1838.
On reaching the East, the subject of our sketch entered Fairfield College, Herkimer county, New York, at that time, his two brothers being placed in a Methodist training school at Wilberham, Massachusetts. There he remained, wrestling with his studies in medicine, for five years, and then, grown nearly to man's estate, and ready to battle with life, returned with another expedition of the Hudson's Bay Company, starting from Montreal in1843. His two brothers left for the West a year before with the first emigrants who ever crossed the plains. The operation of the Hudson's Bay Company, notwithstanding the dangers and difficulties encountered in trips through the wilderness, were conducted on a perfect system; and the return journey was made without hindrance or delay. On his return young McKay was established in the mercantile business at Oregon City by the grandfather, and continued in that occupation until the California gold fields were discovered, when he joined a party of eager gold-seekers in the palmy days of 1849 and started for the El Dorado. The Trinity mine, in Northern California, was discovered and operated with profit by this expedition, but its members were attacked by sickness, death decimating their ranks; and in one year those who remained were glad to return to the fair climate of Oregon as best they could. McKay being among the number who survived. He located again in Oregon City on his return; and we find him there a short time after the Whitman massacre, which set the little frontier world afire.
It was this sad event, and the necessity of a stronger organization and protection against the Indians, which warned the settlers that the days of a Provisional government must cease; and efforts were made to bring Oregon Territory under the United States government. This was finally accomplished, Joe Meek being sent to Washington to present the claims of the would-be territory, and Joseph Lane being made governor. One of his first acts was to call the Indians together at The Dalles, in council, to enforce the delivery of the actual murderers of Doctor Whitman and party. The Umatillas, Walla Wallas and Cayuses obeyed the request; and the guilty Indians were yielded up to the avenging white man, and were duly tried and executed at Oregon City. The chiefs of those Indians, who were present at the trial, invited Doctor McKay to establish a trading-post in their midst; and his final settlement in Eastern Oregon is due to that fact. He soon had a post established, locating on the creek which bears his name, a short distance from the present site of Pendleton, and on the spot where the residence of Mr. Fanning now stands, commenced operations. His post was situated on the very outskirts of the country known to the white man, and became the general rendezvous of traders and travelers.
The Doctor wintered on the site of Pendleton in 1851 and 1852, on the spot where W.H. Jones' residence now stands, then occupied by a flourishing grove of trees. Then, instead of brick blocks and fine residences, the valley of the Umatilla was covered only with cottonwood trees and thickets of brush and willows. Into the vast and fertile territory of Eastern Oregon even the earliest pioneers had not ventured; and the race of the pale-face was only represented by the trader, driving his traffic with the Indians, and exchanging beads and blankets for valuable furs. In the spring of 1852 McKay returned to Oregon City, but soon came back with a larger stock of goods, and remained, doing the while a "rushing business," until the Yakima war in 1855, in which he with many others lost all his possessions. The Indians had recognized by this time that the people who came form the land of the rising sun had grown all too numerous; there was menacing danger; the houses and lands of the red men were being taken and occupied by the pale-face settler and miner, who by this time had begun to make their presence felt. The time had come when this number should be lessened, and a few scalps hung to the lodge poles of the tribes; but they began the work of destruction too late, - and in vain.
The primary cause of the war was the treaty with the Indians in1855, in which all their lands from the east of the Cascades to the Missouri river were purchased, and their occupation by the settlers begun. Another cause was the discovery of the Colville mines in Idaho, and other discoveries of the rich mineral wealth contained in the country of the Snakes, Cayuses and Walla Wallas. These discoveries led to an excitement and consequent influx of population much similar to the one in the Golden state in the "days of gold" of '49. The savage began to look upon the increasing number of white men with distrust and suspicion. While few in number, nothing could be feared; but now the forest, the plains, the beautiful valley of the Indian, were becoming monopolized. So the hatchet was dug up with a vengeance; and war was declared.
The treaty in question took place on the present site of Walla Walla. General Issac I. Stevens, Governor of Washington Territory, and General Joel Palmer, Superintendent of Indian affairs for Oregon, with their associates, met the head men of the Indians there in council. Dr. W.C. McKay took a prominent part as secretary of council for Oregon; and this explains the subsequent antipathy for him by the Indians, and the total destruction of his property. Almost immediately after the treaty the war began, lasting two years, the Indians finally being forced into submission. Its history is well known; and it is not necessary to particularize it here. Suffice it to say that McKay took a prominent part, and that his services as a scout were found to be very valuable by the campaigning generals, who were as unacquainted with the methods of Indian warfare as the Indian himself would be of military tactics. In the fall of 1856, Doctor McKay acted as guide for the expeditions of Generals Wright and Steptoe; and it was he who selected the site of Fort Walla Walla, a garrison being their established at his suggestion.
After the close of this war, when the power of the Indian had been almost broken, mines were discovered in Southern Idaho and Eastern Oregon and Washington, principal among them being those at Boise in1864; and to this fact is due the final rapid settlement of this section, the rancher and stock-grower following fast upon the heels of the miner, as he himself had followed the early traders and missionaries.
In the meantime the doctor had taken unto himself a wife, marrying Miss Mary Campbell at The Dalles, then a small settlement, in1857.
The Indians gain began to make trouble for the now hated pale-face at the close of the Civil war. The red man could not remain quiet and see his possessions wrested from him. The Snakes began a bushwhacking style of warfare, harassing the entire mining section, intercepting and confiscating pack trains and supply outfits, and taking the scalps of struggling unfortunates. Everything was thrown into a state of chaos; miners were compelled to cease operations because of the lack of supplies, which traders were unable to send. The Untied States soldiers seemed powerless or unwilling to take any action; and indeed one wily redskin, familiar with every nook and cranny of his mountain home, was more than a match for a dozen blue-coats. Finally measures for defense became absolutely necessary; and here again we find McKay placed to the fore. A petition was signed by the settlers and sent to Governor Woods, asking, in the name of God, that volunteers be organized as a means of protection against the devastating Snakes. A bill was thereupon introduced in the legislature for three companies of volunteers; but an amendment was proposed by Judge Humason, representative from The Dalles. He said volunteers were all well enough in their way; but his plan was to fight Greeks with Greeks and Indians with Indians. He moved that a company of scouts consisting of Warm Spring Indians be raised, and that Dr. W.C. McKay be placed at their head.
The amendment was carried with a rush. General Steele, commander of the department of the Columbia, proposed that the scouts be equipped with necessary arms and accoutrements, and be regularly mustered into the United States service. As is usual in such cases, a quantity of red tape was wound around proceedings; and we find the Indians waiting at The Dalles for three or four months, impatient for action, but not yet supplied with everything necessary to well-regulated warfare from a tactician's standpoint. At last, in the dead of winter, the company was inspected by General Steele; and McKay was asked when it was advisable to begin the campaign. "Now," was his emphatic answer; and he forthwith took the field with his command, being assisted in the leadership by captain John Dauch. It is needless to say that, being acquainted with the modus operandi of the enemy, their campaigning was eminently successful; and they returned with thirty-five scalps, more than the entire regular army of the United States in that section had captured in five years.
In the month of June they again took the field, being then used as the eyes and ears of the command of General Crook, who was in command of this district. The Doctor says that the General, a very affable gentleman, spent much of his time in schooling himself in Indian warfare, using the Indian scouts as his tutors. He was an apt scholar, and gained knowledge which afterwards proved of much value during his famous campaign against the Apaches in Arizona. The result was that in one year after the little band of Indian scouts took the field under McKay, and afterwards placed themselves in the service of General Crook, the Piutes and Snakes sued for peace in solemn council with their enemies. One of their chiefs, in a grave and impressive address, said that once his people were as numerous as the leaves on the trees, pointing to a grove green with verdure; now they were few in number, and had fallen as the leaves in autumn, and were compelled to make peace with the white man. But he told the pale-faced commander that it was not he whom he feared, nor his blue-coated soldiers, at whom the Indians laughed. "It is there," and he pointed to McKay and the Warm springs scouts, "the salmon-eaters (as the Warm Springs Indians were styled by their copper-colored brethren) who have taken the scalps of my people and compelled us to bury the hatchet ere it is red with the blood of our enemies."
The chief was right. The Warm Springs Indians, guided by the vigilant McKay and his able assistant; were a terrible force. They knew the customs and habits of the foe with whom they had to deal, and could fight him with his own weapons and in his own style of warfare, and were provided with all necessary supplies by the government. The method employed, says the Doctor, was to march from place to place by night, camp in some obscure retreat during the day, sending out scouts to discover signs and traces of the enemy. When a trail was discovered , it was followed with the keenness of a pack of hounds by lynx-eyed pursuers. The camp of the enemy was discovered; and that night the hapless Indians were swooped down upon and destroyed as the hawk darts upon its prey. That was the method of warfare, and it was a successful one.
With the surrender of the Snakes terminated the eventful portion of the Doctor's history. He was invited by General Canby to take command of the same company of scouts during the Modoc war, but considered the outbreak a trifling matter, owing to the small number of the Indians, and refused. It was not, however; for it cost the government nearly three million dollars to subdue less than one hundred able-bodied Indians. Donald McKay, a brother of the Doctor, had charge of the Warm Spring scouts during this famous campaign against Captain Jack in the lava beds; and these scouts did about the only successful fighting.
Leaving the Doctor located in Pendleton after the close of the outbreak, we will close our sketch, a brief and unsatisfactory one, considering the variety of events the writer endeavors in a faint way to portray. Should the principal incidents of the Doctor's life be particularized, a volume would not contain them.
He is now a hale and hearty old gentleman of over three-score years, and has seen churches, buildings and schools spring up magically around him where once was a wilderness. He has seen the pack-train superseded by the iron horse, and the last vestige of the early days of the trader and pioneer obliterated. Here, in the midst of civilization, refinement, and the busy bustle of a world of mortals, we find the Doctor at present, and will leave him to the tender mercies of the future.
Pioneer days of Oregon history page 442
Mr. Holman was a much respected and well-known citizen, now many years deceased, whose friendship I enjoyed, and it is a pleasure to do justice to his memory. He was of English birth, came to America in 1836, resided in Peoria at the time when Rev. Jason Lee lectured there in the winter of 1837-38. That lecture was the inducement for this band of adventurers to make that attempt. Holman was a wagonmaker and knew2 William C. McKay -- afterwards Dr. McKay, grandson of Mrs. McLoughlin, who was then East at school and frequented his shop, telling of the beautiful Willamette, the Columbia River region, the salmon run, etc., that interested those who heard.
Notes for WILLIAM CAMERON MCKAY:
According to the Oregon Historical Quarterly in 1978 "William McKay was blessed with a healthy constitution, a lively sense of humour from both sides of his heritage and a fondness for Scotch whiskey."
1860 United States Federal Census > Oregon > Marion > Champoeg
Wm McCay 37 Farmer 2,000/1,000 OR
Margt McKay 24 F F.America
Flora McCay 3 F OR
Thos McCay 2 M OR
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Champoeg, Marion, Oregon; Roll: M653_1056; Page: 384; Image: 16.
1870 Census OR Wasco East Dalles Precinct Pg 431
88 88 William C McKay 46 M 1/2 I Physician OR
Margaret McKay 36 F 1/2 I Keeping House Canada
Flora E McKay 12 F 1/2 I Attending School OR
Thomas C McKay 11 M 1/2 I Attending School OR
John M McKay 9 M 1/2 I OR
James S McKay 7 M 1/2 I OR
Delia C McKay 3 F 1/2 I OR
1880 Census OR Umatilla Pendleton ED 112 Pg 54A
53 McKay W. C. IM 53 Dr for I Agency OR MI OR
----------, Margaret IF 45 Wife Keeping House Canada Scotland Canada
----------, Flora E IF 22 Daughter At Home OR OR Canada
----------, Thomas IM 21 Son Carpenter OR OR Canada
----------, James IM 17 Son Laborer OR OR Canada
----------, Delia IF 13 Daughter At School OR OR Canada
More About WILLIAM CAMERON MCKAY:
Census 1: 1870, OR Wasco East Dalles Precinct Pg 431
Census 2: 1860, OR Marion Champoeg Pg 384
Census 3: 1880, OR Umatilla Pendleton ED 112 Pg 54A
Occupation 1: 1892, Dr. VA Agency
Occupation 2: 1870, Physician
Occupation 3: 1880, Dr for V Agency
Picnic: 1892, Weston, Umatilla, OR
Residence: 1892, Pendleton, Umatilla, OR
Notes for MARGARET CAMPBELL:
More About MARGARET CAMPBELL:
Baptism: August 23, 1833, St Boniface, Red
Fact 1: Stan Hulme 'Out from Hudson's Bay'
Fact 2: MF pages 175 & 767
DR. WILLIAM CAMERON McKAY
No name appears more frequently in the pioneer annals of the Northwest than
that of McKay. Alexander McKay, a hardy Scotchman, and well versed in the fur
trade, came to Oregon in 1811, with his son Thomas, as a partner of Astor in the
Pacific Fur Company, and lost his life a few weeks later in the massacre of the
Tonquin's crew by savages of Vancouver island. His widow afterwards married Dr.
McLaughlin, Chief Factor of the Hudson's Bay Company, at Vancouver. Thomas
McKay was at Astoria at the time of his father's death, and a few years later
entered the service of the Hudson's Bay Company. He became more widely known
and had greater influence among the Indians of the Coast than any white man
before or since. In after years he left the company and settled among the
American pioneers of Oregon. He had four sons: William C., Alexander, John,
and Donald. The last has become quite prominent as a scout and Indian fighter,
especially in the Modoc war, and has been traveling in the East for several
years with a party of Warm Spring Indians. Alexander and John are dead.
William C. was born at Astoria March 16, 1828. He lived in childhood at
Vancouver, and was taught by his grandfather, Dr. McLaughlin. In 1833, a Yankee
named John Ball, came out with Nathaniel Wyeth's party, and was employed by Dr.
McLaughlin to teach school at Vancouver. The next year Ball went to Sandwich
Islands, and thence to Boston. The next teacher was an English sailor. In 1836
Cyrus Shepard, and M. E. missionary, was employed to teach the school. In 1837
William was placed in the dispensary to aid the Company's physician put up
medicines for the interior posts and trapping parties. It was there he began
the study of medicine. In 1838, his father who was then in charge of Fort Hall,
decided to send him to Scotland, and Alexander and John to Wilberham, Mass.,
where Rev. Jason Lee was educated. When they arrived at the Wailatpu mission
where they were to separate, William to go by the way of Manitoba, and the
others by Fort Hall, Dr. Whitman persuaded Mr. McKay to send William to
Fairfield, N.Y., where the Doctor was educated, and "make an American of him."
His course and destination were thus changed, and he accompanied his brothers by
the way of Fort Hall. He staid there five years, attending the Academy and
Medical College. He came back in 1843, with the Hudson's Bay Company's annual
express, and had to leave school before getting his diploma. His professors,
one of whom was the celebrated Dr. F. H. Hamilton, of New York, gave him a
medical certificate, or license. Upon his return he became a clerk in the
Hudson's Bay store at Oregon City, as there was but little call for a physician.
In July, 1849, he went to California, and mined on Trinity river, returning in
the fall on account of ill health, and bringing back a goodly quantity of gold
dust. In 1851 he went to Eastern Oregon, and in the next spring settled on the
Umatilla river, at the mouth of McKay, or Houtamia, creek. In 1855 he was
driven out by the Indians, and his property destroyed. He then entered the
military service as guide and interpreter, and served till 1861. He was then
appointed physician at the Warm Spring reservation. In 1866 he commanded a
company of seventy-six Warm Spring Indians, in the war with the Snakes, and in a
year whipped them into submission, the soldiers having tried it in vain for two
years. In 1868 he became physician of the Umatilla reservation. In 1874 he
went East, with his brother Donald and a party of Warm Spring Indians, and
traveled two years, chiefly in New York and the New England States. He then
settled in Pendleton and practiced medicine. A year later he again became the
Agency physician, and so remained until 1881. Since that time he has been
practicing his profession in Pendleton, where he resides with his family. Dr.
McKay is a man of broad mind and liberal ideas. He enjoys a large share of the
confidence the Indians formerly reposed in his father, and possesses in a marked
degree, the integrity and firmness of character peculiar to his Scotch ancestry.
(Additional notes in this same book regarding Dr. McKay, pages 451, 452)
The first actual American settler was Dr. William C. McKay, son the of
celebrated Tom McKay, and grandson of Alexander McKay who came to Oregon in 1811
as a partner of John Jacob Astor, and perished soon after in the massacre of the
Tonquin's crew at Vancouver island. Dr. McKay was born and reared in Oregon,
and it was his familiarity with, and confidence in this region that led him to
make a settlement. After this difficulty with the Cayuse tribe had been
adjusted a few American's, and Hudson's Bay Company French, came to this section
to locate. The majority of them selected choice spots on the Walla Walla,
Touchet, Tukannon, and Mill Creek, while Dr. McKay located on the Umatilla river
at the mouth of Houtama, or McKay creek. This was in the fall of 1851. The
French settlers were chiefly in the Walla Walla valley, and not more than one of
two, if any, were within the limits of Umatilla county. The great respect and
regard entertained by the Cayuses for Tom McKay had, in a great measure, been
conferred upon his son, and Dr. McKay was welcomed by them and received favors
that would have been denied other Americans. He was looked upon as a Hudson's
Bay Co. man, though he was born in Oregon, educated in New York, and had always
identified himself with the Americans. this fact saved his life and that of
several others a few years later. In 1851 an Indian agency was established on
Umatilla, opposite the present town of Echo, by Dr. Anson Dart, Superindent of
Indian affairs for Oregon. E. Wampole was installed as agent, and was succeeded
the next year by Thomas K. Williams, and he by R. R. Thompson. The last named
gentleman resided at the Dalles, and placed Green Arnold as his deputy at the
agency. This station was known as Utilla, and in August 1851, a post office by
that name was established there, being on the route between, Dalles and Salt
Lake. A. F. Rogger was appointed post master. These were the only settlements
in 1855 when the Indian war drove all Americans from the country east of the
In common with scores of others, Dr. McKay visited the Colville mines in the
summer of 1855. His property was left in charge of Jones E. Whitney, who had
came with his wife in the emigration of 1854 and had lived with the Doctor for a
year as his partner. In the fall he started on his return from Colville,
accompanied by Victor Trevitt, now living at the Dalles, and two Hudson's Bay
French. They were several times stopped by Indians, but Dr. McKay represented
Trevitt as a clerk of the Hudson's Bay Co., and they were not interfered with.
When they reaches the settlement of Brooke, Bumford and Noble, at Wailatpu, it
was deserted, and while wondering at it, Howlish Wampo head chief of the
Cayuses, rode up and informed them that the Americans had all gone to the
Dalles, but that some people were up the river. they proceeded up the river
where they found a number of French settlers, among whom were Mr. Pambrun, Mr.
McBean and a Catholic priest. Next morning the chief sent his brother with
McKay and Trevitt as an escort, the two Frenchmen remaining at the camp. The
Dr. found his place deserted by Whitney and his wife, the house door broken in,
his property destroyed and his cattle gone. They remained there two days and
had a big talk with the Cayuses, who were very sore about the sale of their
land. They did not go to war as a tribe, but many of the young warriors joined
the hostiles. Umhowlish, Stikas and others advised them to leave at once, as
the feeling against Americans was so bad it was unsafe even for McKay to remain.
They therefore departed for the Dalles as secretly as possible, passing the
deserted agency as they went. McKay's place and the agency were both destroyed,
and thus ended the second settlement of Umatilla county.
(Additional notes in this same book regarding Dr. McKay, page 462)
County election, June 6, 1882
Office - Coroner, Name - William C. McKay, Politics - Rep., Vote - 1156, No.
candidates - 3, Total votes - 2545
More About MARGARET CAMPBELL:
Census 1: 1860, OR Marion Champoeg Pg 384(See Husband)
Census 2: 1870, OR Wasco East Dalles Precinct Pg 431(See Husband)
Census 3: 1880, OR Umatilla Pendleton ED 112 Pg 54A(See Husband)
More About WILLIAM MCKAY and MARGARET CAMPBELL:
Marriage: 03 Oct 1856, Wasco, Oregon1
Children of WILLIAM MCKAY and MARGARET CAMPBELL are:
5. CATHERINE3 SINCLAIR (MARIE WADIN2 MCKAY, ALEXANDER1) was born Abt. 1824, and died 11 Nov 1876 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. She married FRANCOIS ERMATINGER 10 Aug 1842 in Ft George,,Oregon,Astoria. He was born Abt. 1798 in Portugal, and died Abt. 1858 in St. Thomas,,Ontario,Canada.
Notes for CATHERINE SINCLAIR:
Catherine Sinclair married August 10, 1842 at Fort George, Columbia Dist., Oregon Terr. She was born about 1824 and baptised three years later on July 9, 1827, (the daughter of William Sinclair, Jr. and Mary Wadin McKay. Her father was at the time a clerk at Rainy Lake. He had entered the HBC in 1810 as an aprentice. Edward had known him while at Island Lake. Sinclair was the eldest son of a Cree woman and a high ranking HBC officer. Mary McKay was the daughter of Marguerite Wadin McKay, later the wife of Dr. John McLoughlin. Her uncle on her mother's side was Thomas McKay, early trapper of the HBC and Oregon pioneer. Her aunt Betsy Sinclair bore a child of Sir George Simpson, and later married Robert Miles, HBC accountant. Her uncle, James Sinclair, was a free trader and merchant at Red River. He led the 1841 contingent of Red River families destined for settlement on the Nisqually Plains across the Rocky Mountains) Catherine died on 11 Nov 1876 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada and was buried in Nov 1876 in St.John's Cem., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Frances Marie ERMATINGER, was born on 3 Jun 1843 in union with Francis Ermatinger, and another daughter from an affair she had with an HBC employee while Frank was in England. After much grief, she and Frank were reconciled. They lived happily the rest of his life.
More About CATHERINE SINCLAIR:
Burial: St.John's Cem., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Notes for FRANCOIS ERMATINGER:
Francis Ermatinger: (1797-1858)
Francois (Francis or Frank) Ermatinger and his brother Edward were sons of Lawrence Edward Ermatinger and grandsons of Lawrence Ermatinger, who died in 1789 (birth date not given). A Swiss merchant, Lawrence Ermatinger had made his way from London to Montreal in the late 1750s or early 1760s and achieved some successes in the fur trade. From this respected family came Edward and Frank, born, respectively, in 1797 on the island of Elba (Napoleon's first place of exile) and in 1798 in Lisbon. He and his brother Edward were appointed clerks in the service of the Hudson's Bay Company in 1818, sailed from Gravesend on May 18, and arrived at York Factory on August 14. On September 8, Francis left York Factory for the Severn district, where he was stationed during his first years of service. In 1820?21 he had charge of Trout Lake, an outpost of Severn. On July 21, 1825, Francis and his brother left York Factory for the Columbia district, where they had both been appointed to serve as clerks. Francis was at Kamloops, where it was intended he should spend the ensuing season when Governor Simpson passed there en route to Fort Langley in October, 1828. "From 1832 to 1838 Ermatinger was in charge of the trade with the Flathead Indians near the borders of the Snake country and along the headwaters of the Missouri. In 1838 he was placed in charge of the Snake country trade at Forts Hall and Boise, and he remained in charge of Fort Hall until 1842 when he was promoted to the rank of chief trader. George T. Allen, who frequently saw Ermatinger at Fort Vancouver during these years, described him as a `regular jolly jovial Cockney whom we sometimes styled Bardolf from the size and colour of his nose.' (Allan, "Reminiscences of Fort Vancouver") "John H. Couch and Francis W. Pettygrove established mercantile houses in Oregon City in 1842 and 1843, respectively. As the American settlements were largely concentrated in the vicinity of Willamette Falls, these stores received the business of the settlers who had formerly been dependent on the supplies at Fort Vancouver. The Columbia Department could ill afford to lose this profitable trade, and in 1844 McLoughlin established a branch store at the Falls with Ermatinger in charge. Ermatinger was a popular figure in Oregon City, and when the Provisional Government was reorganized in the summer of 1845 to include the British residents of the Willamette Valley as well as the Hudson's Bay Company, Ermatinger was appointed treasurer of the territory, a position which he held until he resigned to return to Canada. He was succeeded by John Couch. "In June 1845 Governor Simpson instructed the board of management of the Columbia Department (McLoughlin, Ogden, and Douglas) to close the store at the Falls and send Ermatinger either to Fort Colvile or by sea to England. Although the Company's property at the Falls was sold to McLoughlin, the Company continued to maintain a store there; but Ermatinger was transferred to York Factory and departed with Warre and Vavasour in March 1846, leaving his wife and daughter behind with the McLoughlins. In 1847?48 he had charge of the Athabasca district at Fort Chipewyan at the west end of Lake Athabasca, a position he retained until 1850 when he spent a year in Canada on furlough. As seen in McLoughlin's letter to Ermatinger of 15 March 1848 (Letter 78), his family did not rejoin him until the late spring of that year. He was in charge of Fort William on Lake Superior in 1852?53 and then retired from the Company on June first. He moved to St. Thomas, Ontario, where he died in 1858."
The best biography to date on Francis Ermatinger is THE FUR TRADE LETTERS OF FRANCIS ERMATINGER 1818?1853?Lois H. McDonald, The Arthur H. Clark Co.??a must read!!! Letters & comments from this book follow:
Letters of Francis Ermatinger (mostly to his brother Edward Ermatinger): "Severn 22nd July 1823
Upon the return of our Indians I received your welcome letter and am sorry that you should have been disappointed in not getting one from me at York. The fact is before Mr.Keith's departure we were kept busy about trifling jobs and as I did not expect he would find you there, I confess that I was by no means anxious? so deferred the business until another opportunity. I hear that some of our old shipmates have engaged upon much better terms than myself and am therefore determined not to remain out my contract without being put upon a balance with them as, when I agreed, Mr. Keith assured me that "there were only two through the whole country of equal pretensions who were upon higher terms" which left me without hesitation and I signed, but I find myself deceived and I think I have a right to complain which I shall do in my letters to the Great People. I hope you will remain until the schooner reaches York as I have a couple Bills to get attested and must consequently send my letters open in order to save postage. As soon as I can bring the business to a close I have to embark for the dam hole Trout Lake where I must be starved (unless fed at my own expense) in a Pig stye and that for less than others have to live at ease. I think you might interest Mr. Robertson in my cause and get him to help annul my contract. To conclude, I must beg you will not think of remaining under Ross' terms and to guard against the worst. I have sent enclosed a Bill of balance which I hope will enable you to Draw upon me for 100 pounds sterling. Should you embark before the schooner arrives, take out of my Trunk the B. Coat and Pantaloons for McDonald. You can give them to any one who may remain at the Factory for him. Also get the Publishing Surtout removed from my account that Work sent for me and which I now return. You will soon hear from me again & in the mean time believe me Dear Edward Yours Affectionately
More About FRANCOIS ERMATINGER:
Burial: . Thomas,,Ontario,Parish Cem
More About FRANCOIS ERMATINGER and CATHERINE SINCLAIR:
Marriage: 10 Aug 1842, Ft George,,Oregon,Astoria
Child of CATHERINE SINCLAIR and FRANCOIS ERMATINGER is:
6. WILLIAM3 SINCLAIR (MARIE WADIN2 MCKAY, ALEXANDER1) was born 25 Sep 1827 in Rainy Lake,,Ontario,Canada, and died 30 Oct 1899. He married ELOISE JEMINA KITTSON Abt. 1852, daughter of WILLIAM KITTSON and HELENE MCDONALD. She was born Abt. 1832.
More About WILLIAM SINCLAIR:
Burial: St Andrews, Red River Settlement
More About WILLIAM SINCLAIR and ELOISE KITTSON:
Marriage: Abt. 1852
Children of WILLIAM SINCLAIR and ELOISE KITTSON are:
7. MARIE3 SINCLAIR (MARIE WADIN2 MCKAY, ALEXANDER1) was born 10 Dec 1832 in Fort Frances,,of Ontario,of Canada, and died 02 Sep 1902. She married WILLIAM CALDER.
Children of MARIE SINCLAIR and WILLIAM CALDER are:
8. JOHN3 SINCLAIR (MARIE WADIN2 MCKAY, ALEXANDER1) was born 05 Oct 1836 in Fort Frances,,of Ontario,of Canada, and died 24 Aug 1913 in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. He married ELIZABETH ROWLAND Abt. 1862 in Fort Pitt, Saskatchewan, Canada, daughter of WILLIAM ROWLAND and ELIZABETH BALLENDINE. She was born Abt. 1842 in Carlton House, NWT, and died 25 Mar 1923 in Edmonton, AB, CAN.
More About JOHN SINCLAIR and ELIZABETH ROWLAND:
Marriage: Abt. 1862, Fort Pitt, Saskatchewan, Canada
Child of JOHN SINCLAIR and ELIZABETH ROWLAND is:
9. MARY3 SINCLAIR (MARIE WADIN2 MCKAY, ALEXANDER1) was born Abt. 1838 in Fort Frances,,of Ontario,of Canada, and died Feb 1940 in Ontario, Canada. She married WILLIAM JOSEPH CHRISTIE Abt. 1849 in York Factory, Hudson's Bay.
More About WILLIAM CHRISTIE and MARY SINCLAIR:
Marriage: Abt. 1849, York Factory, Hudson's Bay
Children of MARY SINCLAIR and WILLIAM CHRISTIE are:
Generation No. 4
10. FLORA E.4 MCKAY (WILLIAM CAMERON3, THOMAS2, ALEXANDER1) was born Abt. 1858 in Oregon, and died Bef. 1900. She married WILLIAM ROPER 01 Jul 1881 in Umatilla Co., OR2. He was born Nov 1856 in Canada, and died Abt. 1912.
More About FLORA E. MCKAY:
Census 1: 1860, OR Marion Champoeg Pg 384(See Father)
Census 2: 1870, OR Wasco East Dalles Precinct Pg 431
Census 3: 1880, OR Umatilla Pendleton ED 112 Pg 54A(See Father)
Occupation: 1880, At home
Residence: 1880, With father
Notes for WILLIAM ROPER:
1880 United States Federal Census > Oregon > Umatilla > Pendleton > District 112
Roper, William WM 24 S Works in Blacksmith Shop
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Pendleton, Umatilla, Oregon; Roll: T9_1084; Family History Film: 1255084; Page: 58.1000; Enumeration District: 112; Image: 0115.
1900 Census WA Walla Walla Ritz ED 84 Pg 4A
Roper William Boarder WM Nov 1856 48 Wd Canada Canada Canada 1857 42 Na At School
----------, Kenneth Boarder WM June 1880 19 S OR Canada OR At School
----------, Lulu Boarder WF Feb 1886 14 S OR Canada OR At School
More About WILLIAM ROPER:
Census 1: 1880, OR Umatila Pendleton ED 112 Pg 58A
Census 2: 1900, WA Walla Walla Ritz ED 84 Pg 4A
Estate: 1912, Umatilla, Oregon3
Marriage Notes for FLORA MCKAY and WILLIAM ROPER:
McKay, Flora E.
Marriage: William Roper married Flora McKay on Jul 01, 1881 in Umatilla County, OR.
Source Location: Record of this marriage may be found at the Family History Library under microfiche reference number(s) 6088045.
More About WILLIAM ROPER and FLORA MCKAY:
Marriage: 01 Jul 1881, Umatilla Co., OR4
Children of FLORA MCKAY and WILLIAM ROPER are:
11. THOMAS L.4 MCKAY (WILLIAM CAMERON3, THOMAS2, ALEXANDER1) was born Dec 1859 in Oregon, and died 06 Apr 1934 in Multnomah, Oregon. He married ASENATH BELL PRIBBLE, daughter of GEORGE PRIBBLE and MARY DANIEL. She was born 08 Sep 1868 in Kahoka, Missouri, and died 04 Apr 1942 in Payette, Idaho5.
Notes for THOMAS L. MCKAY:
1900 United States Federal Census > Oregon > Umatilla > Reservation > District 182
McKay, Thomas Lodger IN M Dec 1859 41 OR WA? CANF
McKay, Thomas Chinook Chinook __ 1/2 This Indian was Taxed
Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Reservation, Umatilla, Oregon; Roll: T623_1352 Enumeration District: 182.
1910 United States Federal Census > Oregon > Multnomah > Portland Ward 10 > District 238
McKay, Thomas Head MW 52 M2-5yrs OR CanE CanE Carpenter/House,
Aseneth Wife FW 39 M1-5yrs (1-1) KY KY KY None
Thomas Son M?W 7 S IR CanE KY None
Source Citation: Year: 1910; Census Place: Portland Ward 10, Multnomah, Oregon; Roll: T624_1287; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 238; Image: 971.
1920 United States Federal Census > Oregon > Clackamas > Eagle Creek > District 22
Line 84 Fm
McKay, Thomas K. Head OF MW 61 M OR OR CanE Farmer/Gen.Farm
Asenath R. Wife FW 48 M KY KY KY Laborer/Home Farm
Thomas L. Son MW 17 S OR None
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Eagle Creek, Clackamas, Oregon; Roll: T625_1491; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 22; Image: 922.
1930 United States Federal Census > Oregon > Multnomah > Plympton > District 231
Line 92 - 2701 Kelly Butte Road
McKay, Thomas K. Head Own$1,500 Radio MW 71 M@41 OR CanE CanE None
Asenith B. FW 58 M@29 KY KY KY None
Thomas L. Son MW 27 S OR OR KY Salesman/Radio Chain Store
Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Plympton, Multnomah, Oregon; Roll: 1955; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 231; Image: 240.0.
More About THOMAS L. MCKAY:
Census 1: 1860, OR Marion Champoeg Pg 384(See Father)
Census 2: 1870, OR Wasco East Dalles Precinct Pg 431
Census 3: 1880, OR Umatilla Pendleton ED 112 Pg 54A(See Father)
Census 4: 1900, OR Umatilla Reservation ED 182
Census 5: 1910, OR Multnomah Portland Ward 10 ED 238 Pg 4B
Census 6: 1920, OR Clackamas Eagle Creek ED 22 Pg 4B
Census 7: 1930, OR Multnomah Plympton ED 231 Pg 12B
Occupation: 1880, Carpenter
Residence: 1880, With father
Notes for ASENATH BELL PRIBBLE:
Payette County ID Archives Obituaries.....McKay, Asenath Belle 1942
Independent Enterprise 4-9-1942
Thursday, April 9, 1942
Mrs. Asenath B. McKay Buried Sunday
Mrs. Asenath Belle McKay was born in Kahoka, Missouri on September 8, 1868, and died at the home of her son, Thomas L. McKay, on April 4, 1942 at the age of 74 years. She was married on April 7, 1905 at Portland to Thomas Cameron McKay. In 1938 she came to Payette to make her home with her son. Besides a son, Thomas L., she is survived by a grandson, Thomas George McKay, age two, a sister, Amanda Tubandt of Goldendale, Washington, and a brother, Milton Pribble of Piedmont, South Dakota. Funeral services were held at Londons Funeral parlors Sunday, April 5, at 2 p.m., conducted by Mrs. Sallie Jones, Reader of the First Church of Christ, Scientist. Burial was in the Rosedale Memorial park
More About ASENATH BELL PRIBBLE:
Burial: Rosedale Memorial Gardens, Payette, Payette County, Idaho6,7
Census 1: 1910, OR Multnomah Portland Ward 10 ED 238 Pg 4B(See Husband)
Census 2: 1880, MO Clark Jackson ED 37 Pg 150D(See Father)
Census 3: 1920, OR Multnomah Portland Ward 10 ED 238 Pg 4B(See Husband)
Census 4: 1930, OR Multnomah Plympton ED 231 Pg 12B(See Husband)
Child of THOMAS MCKAY and ASENATH PRIBBLE is:
12. WILLIAM ALEXANDER4 CALDER (MARIE3 SINCLAIR, MARIE WADIN2 MCKAY, ALEXANDER1) was born Abt. 1852 in Northwest Territories. He married MADELEINE L'HIRONDELLE Abt. 1875 in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, daughter of JOSEPH L'HIRONDELLE and MARGUERITE NIPISSING. She was born 04 Nov 1858.
More About WILLIAM CALDER and MADELEINE L'HIRONDELLE:
Marriage: Abt. 1875, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Children of WILLIAM CALDER and MADELEINE L'HIRONDELLE are:
Generation No. 5
13. LULU5 ROPER (FLORA E.4 MCKAY, WILLIAM CAMERON3, THOMAS2, ALEXANDER1) was born 28 Jul 1878 in Oregon, and died 21 Feb 1964 in Marion Co., OR8. She married GEORGE ORDWAY FRANCE Bef. 1905, son of CYRUS FRANCE and MARY RICHARDSON. He was born 31 Oct 1880 in White Pigeon, St Joseph, Michigan, and died 14 May 1957 in Glendale, Los Angeles, California9.
More About LULU ROPER:
Census: 1900, WA Walla Walla Ritz ED 84 Pg 4A(See Father)
Notes for GEORGE ORDWAY FRANCE:
World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
about George Ordway France
Name: George Ordway France
City: Los Angeles
County: Los Angeles
Birth Date: 31 Oct 1880
Nearest Relative:Wife Maude Roper France
1920 United States Federal Census > California > Los Angeles > Los Angeles Assembly District 64 > District 228
Line 42 - 607 Granada Street
France, George O. Head MW 39 M MI NY MI Dealer/Real Estate
Maude R. Wife FW 39 M IL Eng IN None
John R. Son MW 14 S CA MI IL None
Marian Dau FW 12 S CA MI IL None
Source Citation: Year: 1920;Census Place: Los Angeles Assembly District 64, Los Angeles, California; Roll: T625_108; Page: 18A; Enumeration District: 228; Image: 972.
1930 Census CA Los Angeles Los Angeles ED 180 Pg 17A
226 371 381 France George O Head MW46 M 23 MI MI England Broker Real Estate
-----------, Lillian K Wife FW 39 M 17 Spokane WA, Germany MN Housewife
More About GEORGE ORDWAY FRANCE:
Census 1: 1920, CA Los Angeles Los Angeles Assembly District 64 ED 228 Pg 18A
Census 2: 1930, CA Los Angeles Los Angeles ED 180 Pg 17A
More About GEORGE FRANCE and LULU ROPER:
Marriage: Bef. 1905
Children of LULU ROPER and GEORGE FRANCE are:
14. THOMAS L5 MCKAY (THOMAS L.4, WILLIAM CAMERON3, THOMAS2, ALEXANDER1) was born Abt. 1903 in Oregon.
More About THOMAS L MCKAY:
Census 1: 1910, OR Multnomah Portland Ward 10 ED 238 Pg 4B(See Father)
Census 2: 1920, OR Multnomah Portland Ward 10 ED 238 Pg 4B(See Father)
Census 3: 1930, OR Multnomah Plympton ED 231 Pg 12B(See Father)
Child of THOMAS L MCKAY is:
Generation No. 6
15. MARION6 FRANCE (LULU5 ROPER, FLORA E.4 MCKAY, WILLIAM CAMERON3, THOMAS2, ALEXANDER1) was born 21 May 1907 in San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, and died 02 Nov 1996 in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California12,13. She married MILO POTTER MAGILL. He was born 31 Oct 1905 in California, and died 26 Sep 1953 in Los Angeles, California14.
More About MARION FRANCE:
Census: 1920, CA Los Angeles Los Angeles Assembly District 64 ED 228 Pg 18A(See Father)
Children of MARION FRANCE and MILO MAGILL are:
1. Western States Marriage Record Index, Details For Marriage ID#261451 Groom Last Name: MCKAY Groom First Name: William C. Groom Residence: Bride Last Name: CAMPBELL Bride First Name: M. Bride Residence: Place: Date: 03 Oct 1856 County of Record: Wasco State: Oregon Volume: C Page: 1 .
2. Western States Marriage Record Index, Details For Marriage ID#289013 Groom Last Name: ROPER Groom First Name: William Groom Residence: Bride Last Name: MCKAY Bride First Name: Flora E. Bride Residence: Place: Date: 01 Jul 1881 County of Record: Umatilla State: Oregon Volume: D Page: 36.
3. Oregon Historical Records Index, Case# 179-18 Name Roper, W W Date 1912 Record Type Estate County Umatilla Source County Identifier Remarks .
4. Western States Marriage Record Index, Details For Marriage ID#289013 Groom Last Name: ROPER Groom First Name: William Groom Residence: Bride Last Name: MCKAY Bride First Name: Flora E. Bride Residence: Place: Date: 01 Jul 1881 County of Record: Umatilla State: Oregon Volume: D Page: 36.
5. Idaho State Death Index, Name: MCKAY, ASENATH B. Year: 1942 Certificate Number: 128913 County of Death: Payette City: PAYETTE Date of Death: 04/04/1942 Date of Birth: 09/08/1868 .
6. Find a Grave, Asenath Bell McKay Birth: Sep. 8, 1868 Death: Apr. 4, 1942 Note: No marker. Dates according to the Idaho Death Index and her obit.Burial:Rosedale Memorial Gardens PayettePayette CountyIdaho, USA.
7. Rosedale Memorial Gardens, Payette, Idaho, McKay Asenath Bell 8-Sep-1868 4-Apr-1942 Dates according to Idaho Death Index and her obit.
8. Oregon Death Index, (Ancestry.com), "Electronic," Name: France, Lulu B County: Marion Death Date: 21 Feb 1964 Certificate: 2195 Age: 78 .
9. CA Death Index, FRANCE GEORGE ORDWAY 10/31/1880 FRANCE M MICHIGAN LOS ANGELES(19) 05/14/1957 76 yrs.
10. California Birth Index, 1905-1995, Name: John R France Birth Date: 24 Sep 1905 Gender: Male Mother's Maiden Name: Roper Birth County: San Francisco .
11. CA Death Index, Name: John Roper France Social Security #: 551057540 Sex: MALE Birth Date: 24 Sep 1905 Birthplace: California Death Date: 21 Jul 1980 Death Place: San Bernardino Mother's Maiden Name: Lulu .
12. CA Death Index, MAGILL MARION FRANCE 05/21/1907 ROPER FRANCE F CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES(19) 11/02/1996 546-50-6980 89 yrs.
13. SS Death Index, MARION F MAGILL 21 May 1907 02 Nov 1996 (P) 90049 (Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA) (none specified) 546-50-6980 California.
14. CA Death Index, Name: Milo Potter Magill Social Security #: 0 Sex: MALE Birth Date: 31 Oct 1905 Birthplace: California Death Date: 26 Sep 1953 Death Place: Los Angeles FATHER'S SURNAME: Magill .
15. California Birth Index, 1905-1995, Name: Patricia Elizabeth Magill Birth Date: 8 Jul 1932 Gender: Female Mother's Maiden Name: France Birth County: Santa Barbara .
16. California Birth Index, 1905-1995, Name: Beverly Ann Magill Birth Date: 7 Mar 1935 Gender: Female Mother's Maiden Name: France Birth County: Santa Barbara .
17. SS Death Index, BEVERLY A WATTS 07 Mar 1935 23 Sep 2002 (P) 90731 (San Pedro, Los Angeles, CA) (none specified) 567-46-4432 California.
18. California Birth Index, 1905-1995, Name: Walter Marshall Magill Birth Date: 9 Sep 1936 Gender: Male Mother's Maiden Name: France Birth County: Santa Barbara .
19. SS Death Index, WALTER M MAGILL 09 Sep 1936 19 Dec 2000 (P) (72) (none specified) 549-48-9182 California.